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College of Arts & Sciences
School of the Earth, Ocean and Environment

Subrahmanyam Bulusu

School of the Earth, Ocean & Environment

Phone Number: 803-777-2572
Office: EWS 508A
Research Areas: Climate Change
Research Summary:

My research is in Remote Sensing, Satellite Oceanography, Physical Oceanography, Ocean Dynamics  and Air-Sea Interaction.

Subrahmanyam Bulusu

My research has focused on the use of Satellite Remote Sensing for studying ocean circulation utilizing both active microwave sensors (altimeters, scatterometers, imagers) and passive optical sensors (ocean color and sea-surface-temperature), as well as in the combination of passive/active (radiometer/radar) instruments. Remote sensing has revolutionized the scientific study of the Earth by enabling measurements of more detailed and hitherto unexplored phenomena with spatially extensive and global perspectives. Because of the specialized nature of this work, I have spent a considerable portion of my efforts and resources establishing a state-of-the-art “Satellite Oceanography Laboratory.” The resources within this laboratory allow my research team to perform nationally and internationally recognized research in the application of remote sensing to understand ocean dynamics and biological processes.  Some of the satellite data-processing techniques developed by my research team are both novel and unique in their application to the study of oceanographic and meteorological processes, and climate change. My numerical modeling efforts include both regional and global based on the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM)  and using Coupled ocean model simulations from NOAA/NCEP Climate Forecast System (CFSv2.0).

Research Emphasis
Satellite Oceanography, in particular from both active and passive sensors, to study ocean/atmosphere dynamics;
Model simulations using  Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM)
Coupled ocean model simulations from NOAA/NCEP Climate Forecast System (CFSv2.0)
Satellite altimetry using TOPEX/POSEIDON, JASON-1, Jason-2 and Jason-3
Remote sensing of ocean color
Satellite based studies of interactions between physics and biology at the mesoscale
Regional Studies: Indian Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Arctic Ocean and Southern Ocean
Rossby waves observed from space
Ocean surface salinity from space
Ocean Response to Hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico
MJO dynamics in the Indian Ocean
Fresh and Saltwater transports and budgets in the Indian Ocean
Oceanic subtropical gyres
Global Water Cycle

Ph.D. 1998, Oceanography (Satellite Oceanography/Physical Oceanography), National Oceanography Center (formerly Southampton Oceanography Center), University of Southampton, England. (Ph.D. Advisor: Prof. Ian S. Robinson).
M.Sc. 1991, Marine Science (Physical Oceanography), Andhra University, India.

Professor of Satellite Oceanography & Physical Oceanography,
School of the Earth, Ocean, and Environment, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA.
Associate Professor, School of the Earth, Ocean, and Environment, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA.
Assistant Professor, School of the Earth, Ocean, and Environment, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA.
Postdoctoral Associate/Research Associate/Assistant Scholor Scientist, Center for Ocean Atmospheric Prediction Studies (COAPS), The Florida State Univerity, Tallahassee, USA. (Postdoc Advisor: Prof. James J.O'Brien)
Senior Research Fellow, National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, India.

2014-Present: Associate Editor, IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
2007-Present: Associate Editor, JGR-OCEANS
2009-2012: Guest Editor, OSTM/Jason-2 Calibration/Validation special issues, Marine Geodesy (with Dr. George Born)
2005-2014: Associate Editor, Marine Geodesy

University Service

2016-Present: Chair, Faculty Welfare Committee
2016-Present: University Committee on Tenure and Promotion
2012-2016: USC Campus Director for NASA/South Carolina Space Grant Consortium
2013-2016: Faculty Advisory Committee
2015-2015: Co-Chair, Faculty Senate Information Technology Ad hoc Committee
2010-2013: Committee on Scholastic Standards and Petition
2010-2013: Committee on University Libraries
2010-2013: USC Graduate Council
2010-2013: USC Graduate School Fellowships & Awards Committee
2010-2013: USC Graduate School  Curricula and Courses committee (Science, Math and Related Professional Programs)
2009-2013: Advisory member, Office of Undergraduate Research
2008-2011: Faculty Senator

Honors, Awards & Positions

2017-present  Member, IIOE-2 working Group-01 (Science and Research)
2016-present Scientific Steering Committee member, US IIOE-2
2017: NSF Graduate Student Fellowship Panel (2015, 2014, 2013, 2011)
2014: Excellence in Teaching Award, Mortar Board INC, National College Senior Honors Society.
2012: Present: USC Campus Director for NASA/South Carolina Space Grant Consortium
2013: 2015 The U.S. Climate Variability and Predictability (U.S. CLIVAR) Phenomena Observations and Synthesis (POS) Panel
2014: Excellence in Teaching awarded by the University of South Carolina Alpha Order Chapter of Mortar Board National College Senior Honor Society
2014: NASA Physical Oceanography Panel
2014: SARAL-Altika Altimetry Science Team member awarded by CNES, France
2014: Session Convener, Fall AGU meeting
2013: USC Breakthrough Rising Star
2013: Outstanding Guest Editorship for a special issue series- OSTM/Jason-2 applicantions, Marine Geodesy, Taylor & Francis Group
2012: Session Convener, Ocean Sciences Meeting, Salt Lake City
2012: Session Convener, Fall AGU Meeting
2010: Session Convener, Ocean Sciences meeting, Portland, Oregon
2009: NSF Physical Oceanography Panel
2009-2012: ESA SMOS Science Team Member
2008: Session Convener, Passive and Active Ocean Remote Sensing Session, The Pacific Congress on Marine Science and Technology (PACON)
1995: Commonwealth Scholarship in the field of Remote Sensing & Technology

Teaching Interests

Satellite Oceanography (MSCI/GEOL 580)
Physical Oceanography (MSCI/GEOL 781)
Air-Sea Interaction (MSCI/GEOL 579)
Coastal Environments of the Southeastern US (MSCI/GEOL 215)

Graduate Students

15.Olivia Ostwald, Ph.D Marine Science (2017-present)
14. Morgan Paris, M.S. Marine Science (2017-present)
13. Corinne Trott, Ph.D. Marine Science (2016-present)
12. Brady Ferster, Ph.D. Marine Science (2016-present)
11. Jessica Burns, MS. Marine Science (Graduiated in Spring, 2017) Now at NOAA Center for Satellite Applications & Research (STAR) in College Park, MD.
10. Caroline Corbett, M.S. Geological Sciences (Graduated in December 2016)
9. Bryce Melzer, Accelerated M.S. Marine Science (Graduated in December 2016) Now at Naval Research Laboratory, Stennis Space Center, Mississippi.
8. Joseph D'addezio, Ph.D. Marine Science ((Graduated in Summer, 2016) Now at Naval Research Laboratory, Stennis Space Center, Mississippi.
7. Clifford S. Felton, M.S. Marine Science (Graduated in Spring, 2014). Now at Flex Associate at Vanguard, Charlotte, NC. 
6. Matthew S.Nienhaus, M.S. Marine Science (Graduated in Spring, 2013) Now at Field Technician, ARI Environmental Inc. Huston, Texas
5. Gary Grunseich, M.S. Geological Sciences (Graduated in Summer, 2012) At Present: Ph.D. Candidate at University of Hawaii, Manoa
4. Ebenezer S. Nyadjro, Ph.D. Marine Scince (Graduated in Spring, 2012) Now at Naval Research Laboratory, Stennis Space Center, Mississippi. 
3. Dara D.H. Cadden, Ph.D. Marine Scince (Graduated in Summer, 2009) At Present: Oceanographer, NAVOCEAN/Stennis Space Center
2. Michelle M. Gierach, Ph.D. Marine Scince (Graduated in Spring, 2009) At Present: Lead Scientist, JPL/NASA
1. David M. Heffner, M.S.Geological Sciences (Graduated in December, 2008) Now at: Geologist, Anadarko Petroleum Corporation, Huston, Texas.

Undergraduate Students

8. Caroline Kerfonta (2017-present)
7. Paris Morgan (Graduated in Spring 2017)
6. Bryce Melzer (Graduated in Summer 2014)
5. Victoria Young (Graduated in Spring 2015)
4. Stephanie Ayres (Graduated in Spring 2014)
3. Dylane Kane  (Graduated in Spring 2009)
2. Jamie Shutta (Graduated in Spring 2010)
1. Brandon Long (Graduated in Summer, 2010)

Postdoctoral/Research Associates/Visiting Scientists/Professors
3. Dr. Daria Martynova, Fulbright Visiting Professor, (January-June, 2011) At Present: White Sea Biological Station, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
2. Prof.Yuichiro Shibata, Fulbright Visiting Professor, (September-December, 2006) At Present: Professor, Department of Computer and Information Sciences, Nagasaki University, Japan.
1. Dr. Kyozo Ueyoshi, Research Associate, (May-December, 2007) At Present: Associate Research Specialist, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego

Media Appearances
2006- Present USC Faculty Experts list for Hurricane Studies
November 18, 2016    Eluding Pirates with NASCar, UofSC Today
December 6, 2013 - Deccan Chronical, Indian News Paper "La Nina brews stroms in Bay- Stronger cyclones due to hot oceans"
June 5, 2013 - USC Times "Mapping Sea Salt from Orbit: Building better Ocean and Climate Models with Salinity Data"
June 5, 2013 - South Carolina Space Grant Consortium "Student Spotlight- Gray Grunseich"
May 31, 2013 - Science Daily "Mapping Sea Salt from Orbit: Building better Ocean and Climate Models with Salinity Data"
May 3, 2012 - USC Times "Ready to Launch - Satelite Oceanography Propels young Scientists"
April, 2012 - USC Office of the Vice-President for Research, "Featured Scholars of the Month"
August 2, 2007- USC Times, "Student Speak- Michelle Giearch"
February 2, 2006 - USC Times, "Satellite Oceanography - New course puts USC in selected company"

3. George H. Born and Subrahmanyam Bulusu (Guest Editors): Marine Geodesy Special Issue on OSTM/Jason-2 altimetry Applications- Part 3, volume 35, supplement 1, 2012 .
2. George H. Born and Subrahmanyam Bulusu (Guest Editors): Marine Geodesy Special Issue on OSTM/Jason-2 Calibration/Validation- Part 2, Volume 34, Numbers 3-4, 2011.
1. George H. Born and Subrahmanyam Bulusu (Guest Editors): Marine Geodesy Special Issue on OSTM/Jason-2 Calibration/Validation- Part 1, volume 33, Supplement 1, 2010.

Selected Publications

57. Ferster, B.S*., B. Subrahmanyam, E.S. Nyadjro* (2017). Variability of Volume and Salt Transports in the Southern Ocean.
56. Paris, M.L*., and B. Subrahmanyam (2017). Role of ENSO events on Temperature and Salinity  Variability in the Agulhas Leakage Region, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (in review).
55. D'Addezio, J.M*., and B. Subrahmanyam (2017). Evidence of organized Intraseasonal Convection linked to Ocean Dynamics  in the Seychelles-Chagos Thermocline Ridge, Climate Dynamics (in review).
54. Ferster, B.S*., B. Subrahmanyam, E.S. Nyadjro* (2017). Validation of Satellite-Derived Salinity and Salt Fluxes in the Southern Ocean, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (in review).
53. Burns, J.M*., B. Subrahmanyam,  and V.S.N. Murty (2017). On the Dynamics of the Sri Lanka Dome, Journal of Geophysical Research (in Press).
52. Trott, C.B*., B. Subrahmanyam, V.S.N. Murty (2017).  Variability of the Somali Current and eddies during the Southwest Monsoon Regimes, Dynamics of Atmosphere and Oceans, 79, 43-55.
51. Corbett, C.M*., B. Subrahmanyam, B. S. Giese (2017). A comparison of sea surface salinity in the equatorial Pacific Ocean during the 1997-98, 2012-13, and 2014-15 ENSO events, Climate Dynamics, doi 10.1007/s00382-017-3527-y.
50.Melzer, B.A*., and B. Subrahmanyam (2017). Decadal Changes in Salinity in the Oceanic Subtropical Gyres, Journal of Geophysical Research, 122,pp 1-19, doi:10.1002/2016JC012243.
49.Melzer, B.A*., and B. Subrahmanyam (2016). Evaluation of GRACE Mascon Gravity Solution in relation to interannual Oceanic Water Mass Variations, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vo. 55, 2, 907-914.
48. Corbett, C.M*., and  B. Subrahmanyam  (2016).  Validation of Satellite Derived Salinity in the Equatorial Pacific with Specific Emphasis on the 2014-15 ENSO Event, IEEE Geoscience Remote Sensing Letters, Vol. 13, 12, 1979-1983.
47. Burns, J.M*., and B. Subrahmanyam (2016). Variability of the Seychelles-Chagos Thermocline Ridge dynamics in connection with ENSO and Indian Ocean Dipole, IEEE Geoscience Remote Sensing Letters, Vol 13, 12, 2019-2023.
46. Burns, J.M*., B. Subrahmanyam, E.S. Nyadjro, and V.S.N. Murty (2016). Tropical Cyclone actvity over the Southwest Tropical Indian ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JC011992.
45. Nyadjro, E.S*., and B. Subrahmanyam (2016). Indian Ocean Salinity Fronts observed by SMOS, Remote Sensing of Environment, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.049.
44. D'Addezio, J.M*., and B. Subrahmanyam (2016). Role of Salinity on the interannual variability of the Seychelles-Chagos thermocline ridge, Remote Sensing of Environment, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.051. 
43. D'Addezio, J.M*., and B. Subrahmanyam (2016). Sea surface salinity variability in the Agulhas Current Region inferred from SMOS and Aquarius, Remote Sensing of Environment, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.006.
42. Melzer, B.A*., and B. Subrahmanyam (2015). Investigating Decadal Changes in Sea Surface Salinity in Oceanic Subtropical Gyres, Geophysical Research Letters,42, 7631–7638, doi:10.1002/2015GL065636.
41. D'Addezio, J.M*., B. Subrahmanyam, E.S. Nyadjro*, and V.S.N. Murty (2015). Seasonal Variability of Salinity and Salt Transports in the North Indian Ocean, Journal of Physical Oceanography, Vol. 45, No. 7.  1947-1966.
40. Felton, C.S*., Subrahmanyam, B. ,V.S.N. Murty, and J.F. Shriver (2014). Estimation of the Barrier Layer thickness in the Indian Ocean using Aquarius salinity Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, doi:10.1022013JC009759.
39. Nyadjro, E.S*., and B. Subrahmanyam (2014). SMOS salinity mission reveals salinity structure of the Indian Ocean Dipole, IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters,, vol 11,9, 1564-1568.
38. Grunseich, G*., B. Subrahmanyam, and B. Wang (2013). Aquarius Salinity observations detect the Madden-Julian Oscillation, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 1-6, doi: 10.1002/2013GL058173
37. Felton, C.S*., Subrahmanyam, B., and V.S.N. Murty (2013). ENSO Modulated cyclogenesis over the Bay of Bengal, Journal of Climate, 26, 9806-9818.
36. Nyadjro, E.S*., and B. Subrahmanyam, and B.S. Giese (2013). Variability of Salt flux in the Indian Ocean during 1960-2008, Remote Sensing of Environment , 134, 175-193.
35. Grunseich, G*.,and B. Subrahmanyam (2013). Detection of the Madden-Julian Oscillation in the Indian Ocean from Satellite Altimetry, IEEE Geoscience and Remote. Sensing Letters, Vol. 10, 3, doi:10.1109/LGRS.2012.2208261.
34. Subrahmanyam, B., G. Grunseich*, and E.S. Nyadjro* (2013). Preliminary SMOS salinity measurements and validation in the Indian Ocean, IEEE Transcations Geoscience and Remote Sensing , 50, 12, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2012.2199122.
33. Nienhaus, M.S*.,  B. Subrahmanyam, and V.S.N. Murty (2012). Altimetric Observations and Model simulations of Coastal Kelvin Waves in the Bay of Bengal, OSTM/Jason-2 special issue, Marine Geodesy , Volume 35, Supplement 1, 190-216, 2012.
32. Nyadjro, E.S*., B. Subrahmanyam, V.S.N. Murty, and J.F. Shriver (2012). The Role of Salinity on the dynamics of the Arabian Sea Mini Warm Pool, Journal of Geophysical Research , 117, doi:10.1029/2012JC007978.
31. Grunseich, G*., B. Subrahmanyam, V.S.N. Murty, and B. S. Giese (2011). Sea Surface Salinity Variability during the Indian Ocean Dipole and ENSO events in the Tropical Indian Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research , doi:10.1029/2011JC007456.
30. Grunseich, G*., B. Subrahmanyam, and A. Arguez (2011). Influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation on Sea Surface Salinity in the Indian Ocean, Geophysical Research Letters , Vol. 38, L17605, doi:10.1029/2011GL049047.
29. Nyadjro, E.S*., B. Subrahmanyam, and J.F. Shriver (2011). Seasonal variability of Salt Transport during the Indian Ocean Monsoons, Journal of Geophysical Research , 116, doi:10.1029/2011JC006993.
28. Subrahmanyam, B., V.S.N. Murty, and D. Heffner* (2011). Sea surface salinity variability in the tropical Indian Ocean, Remote Sensing of the Environment, 115, 944-956.
27. Nyadjro, E.S*., B. Subrahmanyam, V.S.N. Murty,  and J.F. Shriver (2010). Salt Transport in the near-surface layer in the Monsoon-influensed Indian ocean using HYCOM", Geophysical Research Letters,37, doi:10.1029/2010GL044127.
26. Gierach, M.M*., B. Subrahmanyam, A. Samelsen, and K. Ueyoshi**(2009). Hurricane driven alterations in plankton community size structure in the Gulf of Mexico: A modelling study Geophysical Research Letters, Vol 36, doi:10.1029/2009GL037414.
25. Gierach, M.M*., B. Subrahmanyam, and P.G. Thoppil (2009). Physical and Biological Responses to Hurricane Katrina (2005) in a 1/25° nested Gulf of Mexico HYCOM, Journal of Marine Systems, Vol 78, 168-179.
24. Subrahmanyam, B. , D.M. Heffner*, D. Cromwell, and J.F. Shriver, (2009). Detection of Rossby Waves in Mult-parameters in Multi-mission Satellite Observations and HYCOM simulations in the Indian Ocean, Remote Sensing of Environment , 113, 6, 1293-1303.
23. Cadden, D.D.H*, R. Styles, and B. Subrahmanyam(2009). Estimates of Geostrophic Surafce Currents in the South Atlantic Bight, Marine Geodesy, volume 32, 3, doi:10.1080/01490410903094908.
22. Cadden, D.D.H*., B.Subrahmanyam, D.P. Chambers, and V.S.N. Murty (2009). Surface and Subsurface Geostrophic Current Variability in the Indian Ocean From Altimetry, Marine Geodesy, 32:19-29.
21. Heffner, D.M*., B. Subrahmanyam, J.F. Shriver, and J.F. Blundell (2008). Indian Ocean Rossby waves detected in HYCOM sea surface salinity , Geophys. Res. Letts., 35, L03605, doi:10.1029/2007GL032760.
20. Gierach, M.M*., and B. Subrahmanyam(2008). Biophysical Responses of the Upper Ocean to Major Gulf of Mexico Hurricanes in 2005, J. Geophys. Res., 113, doi:10.1029/2007JC004419.
19. Subrahmanyam, B., K. Ueyoshi**, and J.M. Morrison (2008). Sensitivity of the Indian Ocean Circulation to Phytoplankton forcing using an ocean model, Remote Sens. Env., doi:10.1016/j.rse.2007.05.021.
18. Gierach, M.M*., and B. Subrahmanyam (2007). Global oceancolor and phytoplankton, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., State of Climate in 2006, S43-S45.
17. Gierach, M.M*., and B. Subrahmanyam (2007). Satellite Data Analysis of the upper response to the Hurricanes Katrina and Rita (2005) in the Gulf of Mexico, IEEE Geo. and Remote. Sens. Letts., 4, 132-136.
16. Maza, M., G. Voulgaris, and B. Subrahmanyam (2006). Subtidal Inner shelf currents off Cartagena de Indias, Caribbean coast of Colombia, Geophys. Res. Letts., 33, 21606, doi:10.1029/2006GL027324, 2006.
15. Nakamoto, S., Kano, M.,S. Prasanna Kumar, J.M. Oberhuber, K. Muneyama, K. Ueyoshi**, B. Subrahmanyam, K. Nakata, C.A. Lai, R. Frouin (2006). Potential feedback mechanism between phytoplankton and upper ocean circulation with oceanic radiative transfer process influenced by phytoplankton Numerical Ocean General Circulation Models and an Analytical Solution, Global Climate Change and Response of Carbon Cycle in the Equatorial Pacific and Indian Ocean and Adjacent Landmasses, Elsevier Oceanography Series 73, Edited by H. Kawahata and Y. Awaya., Chapter 11, 255-272.
14. Ueyoshi, K**., R. Frouin, S. Nakamoto, and B. Subrahmanyam (2005). Sensitivity of equatorial Pacific Ocean circulation to solar radiation absorbed by Phytoplankton, Remote Sensing of the Coastal Environment, Edited by Frouin, Robert J.; Babin, Marcel; Sathyendranath, Shubha. pp. 206-216, doi: 10.1117/12.621424.
13. Subrahmanyam, B., V.S.N. Murty, R.J. Sharp, and J.J. O'Brien (2005). Air-Sea Coupling during the tropical cyclones in the Indian Ocean - a case study using satellite observations, Special Addition of the Pure and Applied Geophysics, 162, 1643-1672, 2005.
12. Murty, V.S.N., B. Subrahmanyam, V. Tilvi, and J. J. O'Brien (2004). A new technique for the estimation of sea surface salinity in the tropical Indian Ocean from OLR, J. Geophys. Res., 109, doi:10.1029/2003JC001928, 2004.
11. Maghanani, V., B. Subrahmanyam, L. Xie, and J. Morrison (2003). Numerical simulation of seasonal and interannual Indian Ocean Upper layer circulation using MICOM. J. Geophys. Res., 108 (C7), 3240, doi:10.1029/2002JC001567, 33-1 to 33-21.
10. Shi, W., B. Subrahmanyam , and J.Morrison (2003): Estimation of heat and Salt storgae variability in the Indian Ocean from TOPEX/Poseidon altimetry, J. Geophys. Res., 108 (C7), 3214, doi:10.1029/2001JC001244, 7-1 to 7-15.
9. Subrahmanyam, B., K.H. Rao, N. Srinivasa Rao, V.S.N. Murty, and R.J. Sharp (2002). Influence of a tropical cyclone on Chlorophyll-a concentration in the Arabian Sea, Geophys. Res. Letts, 29, 22, 1-4.
8. Murty, V.S.N., B. Subrahmanyam , M.S.S. Sarma, V. Tilvi, and V. Ramesh Babu (2002). Estimation of Sea Surface Salinity in the Bay of Bengal using Outgoing Longwave Radiation, Geophys. Res. Letts., Vol. 29, 16, 11-1 to 11-4.
7. Tilberg, C.E., B. Subrahmanyam, and J. J. O'Brien (2002): Ocean color variability in the Tasman Sea. Geophys. Res. Letts., 29, 10, 125-1 to 125-4.
6. Maghanani, V., J. Morrison, L. Xie, and B. Subrahmanyam (2002): Heat transports in the Indian Ocean estimated from TOPEX/Poseidon altimetry and Model simulations. Deep-Sea Res. Part-II, 49, 1459-1480.
5. Subrahmanyam, B. I.S. Robinson, J.R. Blundell, and P.G. Challenor (2001). Indian Ocean Rossby waves observed in TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeter data and Model simulations. Int. J. Remote. Sens, 22, 141-167.
4. Subrahmanyam, B., and I.S. Robinson (2000). Sea Surface Height variability in the Indian Ocean from TOPEX/POSEIDON altimetry and Model simulations. Marine Geodesy, 23, 167-195.
3. Murty, V.S.N., B. Subrahmanyam, L.V. Gangadhra Rao, and G.V Reddy (1998). Seasonal variation of sea surface temperature in the Bay of Bengal during 1992 as derived from NOAA-AVHRR SST data. Int. J. Remote. Sens., 98, 2361-2372.
2. Subrahmanyam, B., V. Ramesh Babu, V.S.N. Murty, and L.V.G. Rao (1996). Surface circulation off Somalia and western equatorial Indian Ocean during summer monsoon of 1998 from GEOSAT altimeter data. Int. J. Remote. Sens.,17, 761-770.
1. Subrahmanyam, B., V.S.N. Murty, and L.V.G. Rao (1994). Short-Term Variability of Sea surface Heat Budget of the East Central Arabian Sea during November, 1992. Mahasagar, Vol. 27, 2, 79-87.
* Graduate Students
** Visiting Scientist