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College of Arts & Sciences
School of the Earth, Ocean and Environment


MEERM Thesis Qualifying / Comprehensive Exam - Logan Ress

Wednesday, July 12, 2017 - 9:30am

Logan Ress
Thesis Qualifying/Comprehensive Exam
Master of Earth and Environmental Resource Management
School of Earth, Ocean, and Environment
 
Callcott 228
 
Committee:
Dr. Allan James
Dr. Gwen Geidel
Dr. John Kupfer
 
 
The Impact of Storm Sewer Drainage Systems on the Stormwater Hydrology of an Urban Watershed:
Rocky Branch Watershed, Columbia, South Carolina
 

Urbanization and land-use changes have many different impacts on the hydrology of a watershed. Most modern urban hydrologic studies recognize the effects of increased impervious surfaces that reduce infiltration, increases runoff, and causes major damage to both the built and natural environment. One of the traditional ways to reduce flood risks locally is by implementing storm sewer (SS) systems; i.e. artificial networks used to transport runoff away from highly urbanized areas. However, SS systems also have an effect on the flood hydrology downstream by increasing the drainage density. Adding artificial channels, pipes, and culverts to the natural channels increases the drainage network efficiency at transporting water, decreases lag time, and increases flood peaks, resulting in serious implications for water resource management and urban planning. The proposed research will focus on the combined effects of impervious surfaces and SS drainage systems within the Rocky Branch Watershed (RBW) in Columbia, SC. Expanding the geospatial analysis of total impervious surfaces (TIA) and SS density will be combined with hydrologic analysis to examine the interrelationship between factors such as slope, zoning, TIA, and SS densities in RBW, and the relationship between TIA, SS densities, and storm hydrology responses. Investigating the compounding effects of impervious surfaces and SS systems gives a more complete understanding of how urbanization transforms the hydrologic response of a watershed to rain events.